Sentence 1319



2nd sg. hon.

- it is used when addressing one or more persons of higher status, persons to whom respect is due, or family members elder than oneself

- it is also used by young persons to elderly persons (of all socio-economic ranks), and by parents to children, to teach them good manners

- finally, persons of equal status generally address each other as āp in formal social situations, such as an office or a formal event


2nd pl. hon.

2nd sg. intim.

- it is used only when addressing a small child in one's own family, one's beloved, God, as an insult, or as a reproof to a servant or subordinate

- it occurs commonly in poetry (where according to convention, the poet addresses his beloved)


2nd pl.

- used when addressing one or more persons of lower status, children, or close family members

younger than oneself

- Persons of equal status may address each other as tum in informal social situations

- when addressing small children in another person's family, one should use tum, not tu


2nd sg.