Sentence 3392


There is a remarkable 1st person non-singular distinction in Gooniyandi, namely "restricted" versus "unrestricted": the former includes {1st du incl, 1st du excl, and 1st pl excl}, the latter {1st pl incl}.

- 2nd person non-sg gidi is used to address kinsmen who are in an avoidence relationship to the speaker (not 2nd sg nginyij).

- or 3rd pl bidi to refer to a kinsman who is in an avoidence relation to speaker

- the 1st unrestricted (yaadi) may be used instead of 1st restricted if the hearer is in a avoidence relation to speaker

- The use of plural pronominals to refer to kinspeople with whom an avoidence relation exists resembles European politeness strategies