Datapoint Hawaiian / The Associative Plural

Language:Hawaiian
Feature:The Associative Plural by Michael Daniel and Edith Moravcsik
Value:Unique periphrastic associative plural

Examples

Sentence 1570:

a.

nā kāhuna ho’omeamea me ho’opunipuni ho’omanamana

‘the false, lying and superstitious sorcerers and associates’

 

“The final word in the last example,mā, is a common qualifying particle usually translated ‘and friends, and others, and wife, and folks, and Company (in business)’. This has been carried over the pidgin English as ‘John folks’ or ‘John them’.”

 

b.

Lākou wale mai nei nō.

‘Just they and the others here.’

 

c.

Eia a’e ’o ‘Ole-wale!

‘So here are Mr. and Mrs. No-good!’

 

 

References