Datapoint Tibetan (Standard Spoken) / Politeness Distinctions in Pronouns

Language:Tibetan (Standard Spoken)
Feature:Politeness Distinctions in Pronouns by Johannes Helmbrecht
Value:Binary politeness distinction



2nd sg. hon.

- Etymology: the constituents rang (self) and tsho(group) are transparent to native speakers; rnam is found asa noun in Preclassical Tibetan, meaning 'individuals'

khyed.rnams.tsho./ nga.rnams.tsho.

2nd pl. hon.

- the second form is based on the 1sg ordinary pronoun, thegrammar, however, does not indicate the rules of usage;

- all plural honorific pronouns take the form rnams whichderives from a noun in Preclassical Tibetan with the meaning'individuals'


2nd sg. fam.


2nd pl.

-2pl familiar pronoun; based on 2sg familiar