|Feature:||Politeness Distinctions in Pronouns by Johannes Helmbrecht|
|Value:||Multiple politeness distinctions|
2nd sg. hon.
- it is used when addressing one or more persons of higherstatus, persons to whom respect is due, or family members elderthan oneself
- it is also used by young persons to elderly persons (of allsocio-economic ranks), and by parents to children, to teach themgood manners
- finally, persons of equal status generally address each otheras āp in formal social situations, such as an office or a formalevent
2nd pl. hon.
2nd sg. intim.
- it is used only when addressing a small child in one's ownfamily, one's beloved, God, as an insult, or as a reproof to aservant or subordinate
- it occurs commonly in poetry (where according to convention,the poet addresses his beloved)
- used when addressing one or more persons of lower status,children, or close family members
younger than oneself
- Persons of equal status may address each other as tumin informal social situations
- when addressing small children in another person's family, oneshould use tum, not tu