Datapoint Gooniyandi / Politeness Distinctions in Pronouns

Feature:Politeness Distinctions in Pronouns by Johannes Helmbrecht
Value:No politeness distinction


There is a remarkable 1st person non-singular distinction inGooniyandi, namely "restricted" versus "unrestricted": the formerincludes {1st du incl, 1st du excl, and 1st pl excl}, the latter{1st pl incl}.

- 2nd person non-sg gidi is used to address kinsmen who arein an avoidence relationship to the speaker (not 2nd sgnginyij).

- or 3rd pl bidi to refer to a kinsman who is in anavoidence relation to speaker

- the 1st unrestricted (yaadi) may be used instead of 1strestricted if the hearer is in a avoidence relation tospeaker

- The use of plural pronominals to refer to kinspeople with whom anavoidence relation exists resembles European politenessstrategies